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This History Week: August 19 – 25, 2019

This History Week
by Dianne Hermann

"No problem with human making is enough to overcome
human ingenuity, human energy, and the tireless hope of human life."
President George HW Bush

Week 19.-25. August 2019

19. August

1791 – Benjamin Banneker, born in Maryland as a free black man publishes his first almanac. He revealed The Farmer's Almanac between 1792 and 1797. He was a self-taught astronomer and mathematician.

1812 – America Structure defeats Guerriere, a British warship, 400 miles southeast of the British base in Halifax, incomes the nickname "Old Ironsides." .

1895 – A 42-year-previous American cross-border murderer and unlawful John Wesley Hardin was killed by a security police in a salon in El Paso, Texas. Hardin claimed to have killed 42 males. He served 17 years of 25 years imprisonment for one homicide and acquired a license after being released from prison in 1894.

1934 – The primary All-American Soap Field Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio. The next yr, the race was moved to Akron as a result of its central location and the Mäkinen terrain. Derby has been operating constantly, except throughout World Warfare II. Watch a short film on the first derby:

1940 – New Civil Aviation Administration honors No. 1-68 Orville Wright.

1984 – Ronald Reagan is appointed Second President. term within the Republican Nationwide Congress in Houston, Texas. He was re-elected in November, profitable 49 of the 50 states (all except Walter Mondale's house state of Minnesota) and probably the most elected in history (525).

2004 – Google Inc begins buying and selling on Nasdaq. Inventory market. The beginning worth is about at $ 85 and ends at $ 100.34 per day. Greater than 22 million shares are traded. It now sells shares for greater than $ 1,237.

2011 – West Memphis Three is released from prison after 18 years of negotiating Alford lawsuits. The Alford plea permits the defendant to admit to the prosecution adequate evidence and not using a guilty verdict. In 2007, DNA proof and jury misconduct prosecuted a new trial. Then teenagers Damien Echols, Jessie Misskelley, Jr. and Jason Baldwin have been convicted in 1993 of murdering three 2nd grade college students. Nobody else was ever arrested for a criminal offense.

20. August

1619 – The primary black slaves are taken by the Dutch to the Jamestown settlement in Virginia.

1866 – President Andrew Johnson formally pronounces that Civil Warfare is over.

1920 – The American Professional Football Affiliation (APFC) is shaped when Jim Thorpe and 6 others meet within the canton of Ohio to arrange knowledgeable football league. Thorpe served as its first president. Canton is the situation of the football superstar corridor.

1964 – President Lyndon B. Johnson indicators the Financial Opportunity Invoice, a $ 1 billion battle towards poverty.

1977 – NASA launches Voyager 2 in the direction of outer planets. It mapped Jupiter in 1979, Saturn in 1981, Uranus in 1986, and Neptune in 1989. After 40 years, Voyager 2, one of the farthest human-made objects, continues to be related to the Deep Area Network.

1998 – US Military launches cruise missiles at alleged al-Qa'ida camps in Afghanistan and a suspected chemical weapons manufacturing unit in Sudan following the August 7 bombings by Kenyan and Tanzanian US embassies. As an alternative, the assault destroyed al-Shifa's pharmaceutical manufacturing unit in Khartoum. The assault befell throughout hearings on President Clinton's Monica Lewinsky scandal.

21. August 1931 – 1931 – Insurrection of slave Nat Turner kills 55 whites in Southampton County, Virginia. Nat Turner and 55 of his conspirators are captured and executed. Over the subsequent few weeks, about 120 slaves have been murdered by white militias and crowds in the space, most of whom weren’t concerned within the uprising. Watch a short History.com video:

1887 – Mighty Casey hits a baseball recreation with the New York Giants. This is the imaginary date of the occasion, which is written in Ernest L. Thayer's poem "The Casey in the Bat." Dan Casey was a mixture of several individuals Thayer knew.

1947 – The primary Little League World Collection is held. Maynard Midgets of Williamsport, Williamsport, defeated Lock Haven, Pennsylvania. The event is for baseball players ages 11-13.

1959 – Hawaii becomes the 50th (and last) state of the USA. In 1778, Captain James Prepare dinner was the primary European to discover the Hawaiian Islands. Hawaii was annexed through the McKinley administration in 1897.

1993 – NASA loses contact with the Mars Observer, launched on September 25, 1992. Attempts to return communications with the spacecraft had failed. 1997 – Hudson Foods Inc. closes a plant in Nebraska after it returns 25 million kilos of ground beef which will have been contaminated with E. coli 01557: H7. It was the most important restoration of historical past in the USA.

2000 – Tiger Woods wins the PGA Golf Championship to turn into the first golfer after Ben Hogan in 1953, who gained three major tournaments in the course of the calendar yr. Tiger also gained the US Open and the British Open.

22. August

1762 – Ann Franklin is the primary feminine US newspaper reporter. He inherited the newspaper "Mercury" from his husband James Franklin, Ben Franklin's brother.

1902 – President Teddy Roosevelt becomes the first US common to drive a automotive. He rode Columbia Electrical on Victoria Phaeton on a marketing campaign trip by way of Connecticut.

1906 – Victor Talking Machine Firm, Camden, New Jersey, begins manufacturing Victrola. The handpiece unit with horn is bought for $ 200.

1921 – J. Edgar Hoover turns into deputy director of the FBI. He turned a director in 1924 and led the FBI for 48 years until his demise in 1972 at the age of 77.

1956 – Elvis Presley begins filming his first movie, "Do You Love Me," which shall be launched in November. Watch Elvis sing the movie title music:

1962 – Savannah, the world's first nuclear energy plant ship, makes her maiden voyage from Yorktown, Virginia, to Savannah, Georgia. He was decommissioned in 1972, and in 1999 the Savannah was transferred to the James River Merchant Navy close to Newport News, Virginia. 1989 – Nolan Ryan turns into the first massive-league pitcher to shoot 5,000 doughs. He ended his 27-year profession (the longest in baseball historical past) with 5,714 strokes. Ryan, now 72, was led to a baseball movie star hall in 1999. See how Ryan makes Rickey Henderson swing within the air:

1992 – FBI shooter shot and kills Vicki Weaver, spouse of white separatist Randy Weaver. , During their 11-day siege at their house in Ruby Ridge, Idaho. She stored a childbirth that was unhurt. 14-year-previous Sammy Weaver and a US Marshall have been killed the day before. President Clinton sacked his FBI leader on July 19, 1993, the day before Vince Foster "committed suicide."

2007 – The Texas Rangers lead the Baltimore Orioles 30-Three, probably the most completed group in trendy baseball history.

23. August 1923 – Captain Lowell Smith and Lieutenant John P. Richter complete the primary refueling midway. Their flights on the De Havilland DH-4B have been recorded in the endurance report for 37 hours.

1947 – President Truman's daughter Margaret performs her first public singing concert. Poor evaluation after his third performance in 1950 led the president to write down a threatening letter to the music critic of the Washington Publish. Take heed to Margaret's 1950s recordings and decide for yourself:

1966 – Lunar Orbiter 1 takes the primary pictures of the globe while touring the moon. 1984 – House at Southfork Ranch Parker, Texas. The fictional Ewing clan of the TV collection "Dallas" is bought. The ranch was reworked from a vacationer resort right into a lodge resort and a conference / event middle.

1999 – Robert Bogucki of America is rescued after dropping his bike on July 11 in the Great Sandy Desert of Australia. Bogucki misplaced 44 pounds during his 43-day ordeal.

24. August

1814 – Washington forces seize Washington DC in the course of the Warfare of 1812 and burn many landmarks, including the USA capital and presidential estates. The Library of Congress, situated in the Capitol constructing, suffered main injury. Thomas Jefferson bought 6,487 elements of his personal ebook collection to the Library of Congress in 1815 for $ 23,950.

1853 – George Crum, a chef at Moon's Lake House restaurant in Saratoga Springs, New York, makes his first potato frosting when a buyer complains his fried potatoes have been too thick.

1912 – New York Metropolis arranges a velcro parade for Jim Thorpe and other profitable US Olympics for the Stockholm Sweden Summer time Olympics. He was stripped of his Olympic medal in 1913 for violating the novice guidelines of being paid to play baseball in 1909 and 1910. Thorpen's medals have been restored in 1972, virtually 20 years after his demise.

1932 – Amelia Earhart launches the primary lady's intercontinental stopover, finishing over 2,400 miles in 19 hours. She additionally set a ladies's document for the quickest uninterrupted intercontinental flight (twice, 1932 and 1933).

1954 – President Eisenhower signs the Communist Management Act, repeals the Communist Celebration of america. 1956 – First uninterrupted intercontinental helicopter flight arrives in Washington DC. The H-21 Shawnee helicopter landed after a 31-hour flight from San Diego, California. It was also the primary helicopter refueling in flight. Watch this fueling (no sound):

1981 – Mark David Chapman was sentenced to 20 years in prison for the murder of John Lennon in December 1980. Chapman was denied a 9th time in 2016 on the Wenden Restore Middle in 2016, although he turned eligibility in 2000. Chapman is now 64 years previous.

1989 – Pete Rose is frozen from baseball to enjoying profession. He retired from baseball in 1986 and have become manager of the Cincinnati Reds in 1987. Because of the ban, Rose was not eligible to attend the baseball hall of fame. "Charlie Hustle" is now 78 years previous.

2001 – The stays of 9 American servicemen killed within the Korean Warfare are returned to america. Their our bodies have been discovered about 60 miles north of Pyongyang. About 7,789 US troops stay unexplored within the Korean Warfare. North Korea returned 55 extra servicemen in July 2018. See report on their return:

2006 – The Worldwide Astronomical Union (IAU) redefines the term "planet" in order that Pluto is now thought-about a Miniature Planet. Astronomers have been contemplating restoring it to the planet. Pluto was found by American astronomer Clyde William Tombaugh in 1930.

2011 – Tim Prepare dinner succeeds Steve Jobs as CEO of Apple Inc. as a consequence of Jobs' illness. Jobs died in October 2011 at the age of 56.

2015 – Fb CEO Mark Zuckerberg announced that for the primary time, 1 billion individuals signed up for Facebook. In 2004, Harvard college students Cameron Winklevoss, Tyler Winklevoss and Divya Narendra accused Zuckerberg of misleading them and using their concepts to develop Facebook. In 2008, Fb settled the matter with 1.2 million shares and $ 20 million in money. Facebook is now value $ 500 billion. Zuckerburg is now 35 years previous.

25. August

1829 – President Jackson presents to purchase Texas, however the Mexican government refuses. President John Q. Adams provided to buy Mexico for $ 1 million two years earlier. His supply was also rejected. President Polk joined Texas in 1845.

1916 – The Nationwide Park Service is established as part of the Department of the Interior beneath the Woodrow Wilson administration. Yellowstone (Montana, Wyoming and Idaho) was named the primary public park in 1872 beneath the administration of Ulysses S. Grant.

1920 – Ethelda Bleibtree turns into the first American lady to win a medal at the Olympics (swimming). He gained three gold medals and set three world data on the Olympic Video games in Antwerp, Belgium. Bleibtrey began swimming remedy to beat the consequences of polio. Bleibtrey died in 1978 on the age of 76.

1968 – Arthur Ashe becomes the primary black man to win the USA Males's Singles Tennis Championships. Ashe fell sick with transfusion to AIDS and died in 1993 at the age of 49. See a report of his championship victory and profession:

After 1989 – 12, four billion miles on NASA's Voyager 2 flies. Neptune and its moon over the cloud cover of the Triton cloud by sending pictures.

1998 – In response to a survey, 33 % of People use the Web. It’s estimated that 78 % of People use the Web every day.

2012 – NASA's Voyager 1, launched in 1977, turns into the primary spacecraft to enter interstellar area. Voyager 1 is now 12 billion miles away and continues to be transmitting knowledge. It focuses on the celebs referred to as AC + 79 3888, 17.6 mild-years from Earth. Additionally launched in 1977, the Voyager 2 is nearly 10 billion miles from the country. Both area probes function a 12-inch gold-plated copper plate containing sounds and images of the earth.

Image from history.com